Sunday, May 24, 2020

Why Alcohol And Drug Addiction Is Considered A Disease

Offenders that are frequently arrested for drugs and/ or alcohol should be obligated to participate in a treatment program. Individuals that have a dependency on drugs and or alcohol show a need for treatment programs. On the webpage, Enterhealth: Why Alcohol and Drug Addiction is Considered a Disease, the writers (2008 – 2010) said, addiction is considered a brain disease because alcohol and drugs literally change the brain chemically, structurally and functionally. Scientist have performed researches on rebuilding the brain after it has been abused by drugs and or alcohol. Since treatment programs are not a one size fits all, there is a need for different types of treatment program. Inside of these treatment programs the offender will learn the skills and gain tools they need to apply to everyday life. Society assumes that when offenders are released from prison or jail, they are cured and will be a righteous citizen in their community. This assumption is truly not the case, these offenders are addicts and addicts need to be screened treated for their disease. Screening the addict for a specific treatment program is an important step. Bellessa and Hanser (2008) said, it is important in community supervision to be able to successfully and accurately screen for drug abuse (Pg. 218). Treatment designers have developed a tool to make screening the addicts a little bit easier. There is a sequence of questions that the offender/addict needs to answer truthfully to get the bestShow MoreRelatedEssay On Addiction And Alcohol810 Words   |  4 PagesAddiction and Mood and Affect Discussion Drug and alcohol addiction can be described as a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, and difficult to control use of these substances despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Addiction is a brain disease since the abuse of drugs and alcohol results to changes in the structure and function of the brain which challenges a persons ability to resist the desire to take the drugs or evenRead MoreDrug Addiction777 Words   |  4 Pages Is drug addiction a choice or a disease? This polemical topic has been in the media for many years and has provoked many debates to ascertain the whole thing. Many researchers have concluded being a drug addict is a disease that is only cured by â€Å"feeding the habit†. Conversely, there are researchers who assert that drug addiction is just a choice. Having thoroughly taken into consideration both sides of the arguments and doing my own research, my stand remains that being a drug addict is undisputedlyRead MoreThe Effects Of Drug Abuse Among Adolescents1423 Words   |  6 PagesDrug abuse among adolescents is a growing problem in the United States with a staggering amount of teens falling victim to the vicious cycle of drug abuse. Teens are subjected to pressure from their peers and have the misconception that using drugs are cool and free of consequences. Therefore, teens begin to experiment with drugs and alcohol at an early age and often times don’t think about the negative stigma associated with drug abuse. Unfortunately, even casual use of drugs and alcohol canRead MoreDrug History And Policy Changes1558 Words   |  7 PagesDrug History and Policy Changes There is a debate in the American government system on how to handle the use of drug and alcohol. In the 1960s drugs were uprising along with youth rebellion and in 1971 Nixon declared a â€Å"War on Drugs† (Citation a brief). This name is not to be confused with the band War on Drugs, but the term is still popularly used to describe the policies that Government officials are making regarding drugs and alcohol. This debate got reheated when Colorado legalized weed for medicalRead MoreWhat I Have Thought About Addiction823 Words   |  4 PagesKnowledge of Addiction My present knowledge of addiction comes from lectures, watching documentary of all kind as personally have not developed such negative â€Å"habit† besides drinking coffee regularly, however, I have more knowledge about alcohol consumption. Partially due to of my cultural background and costume, we/I viewed moderate alcohol assumption as a norm behavior. For instance, in most occasions’ alcohol use was part of celebration. Although I know some exceptions do exist that attributesRead MoreIs Drug Addiction A Choice Or Disease?1480 Words   |  6 Pages Is Drug Addiction a Choice or Disease? Should the cause of addiction rely on people s actions? These days, drugs can be found everywhere, and it may seem like everyone s doing them. Lots of people are tempted by the excitement or escape that drugs seem to offer. But learning the facts about drugs can help one see the risks of chasing this excitement or escape. Several people argue whether drug addiction is a disease or a choice. Discussing this argument in hopes to have a better understandingRead MoreAddiction1674 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ The Cause of Addiction COM/156 Each year, there are more deaths and disabilities in the U.S. from substance abuse than from any other cause. In the United States alone, it is reported that roughly 18 million Americans have alcohol problems; 5 to 6 million have drug problems, and more than 9 million children live with a parent addicted to alcohol or illicit drugs. Drug addiction continues to be a growing concern, prompting medical and scientific research on a global scaleRead MoreAddiction Is The Most Common Addiction991 Words   |  4 PagesAddiction is more of a condition than a disease, and can be considered to be a behavioral disorder that stems from personal choice. Addiction is a controversial issue, and many people debate on whether addiction is seen as a disease or a personal choice. There has been many studies that have proven addiction to be a disease that stems from personal choice. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes habitual drug use ( Drug abuse, 2012). Over time the brain changes, and the person who is addictedRead MoreWho Gets Addicted And How?1174 Words   |  5 Pages The Downtown Eastside is considered to be Canada s drug capital, with an addict population of 3,000 to 5,000 individuals. These are the words by Gabor Mate a Canadian physician specializes in addiction. Mate is describing that most of his patients are addicted to cocaine, alcohol, and heroin(Mate 320).This means that most of the people in Downtown Eastside are addicts to illegal substances such as Cocaine, Heroine etc. Addict is someone who cannot survive without particular substanceRead MoreArgumentative Essay Addiction1629 Words   |  7 Pages Why is it that when a person is diagnosed, for example, with diabetes, they are provided with Social Security Disability Benefits and a number of free welfare benefits, but the majority of people diagnosed with addiction receives little to no treatment. According to the article Treating Addiction as a Chronic Disease, †Health officials estimate 22 million people in the U.S. abuse alcohol or drugs or both and only around 10 percent of them are in treatment.† Deciding whether addiction is deserving

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Education in America vs. Education in Third World...

Education in America vs. Education in Third World Countries A few weeks ago, I was walking downtown, when this random came up to me and said â€Å"You in school? That’s good, that’s good. Education is important.† From the state of her hair and clothes, and the smell of her breath, I assumed she was homeless. I didn’t really pay much attention to her, because homeless people are so common in downtown Atlanta. I was just hoping that she wasn’t going to ask me for any money! After a while, I started thinking about what the homeless woman had said; â€Å"Education is important.† Growing up, I had always been taught that people who lived in the streets had been afforded the same opportunities as I had, but they had simply chosen to ignore them.†¦show more content†¦While 99% of the country is literate, a test conducted by National Assessment of Adult Literacy 14% of US residents have increased difficulty reading at their level. According to the afore stated definition, these people can be classified as illiterate, because they don’t met the standards of what is considered literate, since they have difficulty reading at their proficiency level. Is the lack of literacy due to lack of focus in class while the foundation for reading and writing were being laid, or does 1% of the United States Population that are classified as illiterate completely comprised of people who live with dyslexia? I can’t imagine that the government would knowingly incorporate people with documented learning disabilities when it comes time to calculate our nation’s literacy rate. That would be almost intentionally miscuing the results, because you’re including people who have hindrances that keep them from reading and writing at a level equal with their age. It’s also just downright insulting. Can you imagine not only having the s disability that makes you work twice as hard, but to be called illiterate for something you have no control over? Centuries ag o, the idea of being able to read and write was a mere parlor dream among the majority of our population. TheShow MoreRelatedEssay Prevailing in Brown vs. Board of Education952 Words   |  4 Pagesin Brown v Board of Education In my research I will go through all the information regarding the case that changed America. The Brown vs Board of Education which began in 1951. In my search I will go through the differences of the trail and some similarities of society today. My research there was a case that set the entire mood which was the Plessy vs Ferguson that allowed segregation in schools. Colors and whites were still equal but only in different schools. Brown vs board began with 13Read MoreBenefits of Studying Abroad1262 Words   |  5 PagesInternational Education of Students. The nature of this data was a survey response. This survey questions and answers in depth the impact of studying abroad on a diversity of academic accomplishment measures by study abroad term length. Chart 2: Personal growth by study abroad term length. This chart was found in the More is Better: The Impact of Study Abroad Programs Duration. (Dwyer p160) This article was written by Mary M. Dwyer at the Institute for the I nternational Education of Students. TheRead MoreDominican Republic vs. Haiti1245 Words   |  5 PagesDominican Republic and the Republic of Haiti. These two countries despite sharing an island and historical institutions are completely different. While the Dominican Republic enjoys the beauty of the Caribbean and its weather, Haiti suffers the consequences of it. These two countries share certain similarities, but within these similarities there is a big difference. The Dominican Republic and Haiti have a similar economy, environment, and education system, but in reality they are similar to oppositeRead MoreThe Civil Right Movement Of The United States1712 Words   |  7 PagesThroughout late childhood, education touches upon the subject of segregation, a separation between whites and blacks during mid-20th century America, and children across the country learn the harsh reality of our nation’s history. Modern culture produces media to recreate these events in movies such as The Help, and Driving Miss Daisy. Although much of the media related segregation with the 1950’s and 1960’s, these decades were only a climax of the protests and civil movements during the time periodRead MoreSomalia vs. Us1573 Words   |  7 PagesSomalia vs United States Somalia, which is about the size of Texas, is a small country located in Eastern Africa next to the Indian Ocean. The United States, which is located on the Western Hemisphere, is bordered by Mexico and Canada and is between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Separated not only by the Atlantic Ocean, Somalia and the United States are also separated by the differences in economies and populations. These two countries that are quite opposite in size have some similaritiesRead MoreLanguage Barrier: Bilingual Education vs. English Immersion Essay examples1246 Words   |  5 Pagesbilingual teaching is should America make English its official language? Some say there is no need for it, and yet 22 states as of 1996 declared English their official language. Looking into some of these issues may bring some insight as to what the problem may be. With the debate over bilingual education, Kenneth Jost covers some of the history in teaching in his article â€Å"Bilingual Education vs. English Immersion†. For over one hundred and fifty years, America either maintained segregatedRead MoreThe Brazilian Culture Of Brazil Essay1683 Words   |  7 Pagesto African (Country Facts). Brazil has an extremely diverse culture with some common pervasive threads that grouped together give Brazil a national identity. The concept of aesthetics describes what people of certain cultures tend to consider to be popular or in good taste (Wild Wild, 2014). To this extent, despite being mostly unified by a single language, Brazil represents such a diverse culture that regional aesthetic variances could almost seem like they were different countries altogetherRead More Somalia vs United States Essay1530 Words   |  7 PagesSomalia vs United States Somalia, which is about the size of Texas, is a small country located in Eastern Africa next to the Indian Ocean. The United States, which is located on the Western Hemisphere, is bordered by Mexico and Canada and is between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Separated not only by the Atlantic Ocean, Somalia and the United States are also separated by the differences in economies and populations. These two countries that are quite opposite in size have some similaritiesRead MoreAmerica s Shame : Outline Essay789 Words   |  4 PagesJuanell Topic: America s Shame Points to Remember ** Notes ** †¢ Education portal Future and current students are not prepared with the appropriate tools, educationally or mentally, required to help poverty. ( Fact Based) Reducing or contributing to the elimination of poverty is a moral choice and/or problem. ( Value Based.) Americans are not educated properly or equipped on the how or why on how to handle poverty †¢ Survival vs Mortality Children are dyingRead MoreUniversity s Center On Education And The Workforce Estimates875 Words   |  4 PagesGeorgetown University s Center on Education and the Workforce estimates that by 2020, nearly two-thirds of all jobs will require some postsecondary education or training beyond a high school diploma. The premise of this article is that the traditional college prep curriculum at most high schools is not favoring a sizable percentage of American teenagers. Some people consider technical or vocational high schools a valid choice for students who choose not to pursue a customary educational path. Highlighted

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Natural Calamity in Uttrakhand Free Essays

As a child I was amused at the premonition of the Soothsayer when he predicted the Death of Julius Caesar, who out of sheer vanity not only discarded his advice, but also admonished him for the same. A similar analogy can be drawn to the travesty that now surrounds Uttarakhand, the sole exception being, the vanity and obliviousness of the Government has gravely pulverized the State Exchequer and costed the lives of its own denizens, as against the death of one ruler. The blame game, which is a necessary by product of every mishappening in our country, has already begun, where both the Central Government as well as the State Government are rebuking each other and their predecessors in chair for faulty policy making, ineffective implementation, absence of rescue and relief strategy, steaming constitutional debates on whether the present system should be governed under Entry 56 of the Union List or under Entry 17 of the Sate List, and the classic press release phrase â€Å"mis-governance†. We will write a custom essay sample on Natural Calamity in Uttrakhand or any similar topic only for you Order Now What lies on the other hand of this scale is innumerable unreported deaths, devastation of public property, and over sixty thousand stranded people, who are yet to be afforded anything as remotely close to the term â€Å"relief†. Genesis of the Problem and Observations made by the CAG Report India boasts of being ranked sixth in terms of largest hydel power generation capacity countries. Domestically, hydel power accounts for 1/4th of India’s dependence on energy. The Hydel Power Report of Uttarakhand published in the year 2008, categorically acclaims that the State has the potential to harness almost 20,000 MW of electricity through hydel power. Blinded with such ambitious target, the State Government failed to notice, either deliberately or otherwise, the very first objective on the same page, which has been reproduced as: â€Å"To harness the environment friendly Renewable Energy resources and enhance their contribution to the socioeconomic development of the State. Another important objective which the State while implementing the said project, was oblivious to, is â€Å"To enhance the use of energy sources that assist in mitigating environmental pollution. † The current policies, as the CAG Report categorically points out, are aimed at aggravating and not mitigating environmental pollution, and have been a cause of the floods in and around the region. Periphrastically speaking, the ngoing havoc that was witnessed in Uttarakhand was preordained in the report published by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India as late as in 2009, reproaching the Central Government and the Government of Uttarakhand for its dual role of faulty hydro power policy making as well as ineffective policy implementation. Some of the main concerns highlighted in the CAG Report are: 1. Due to the over ambitious policy of the State Government to create multiple river channels, and multiple power projects on the same tributary, a serious endangerment of environment is certainty. With over 42 Projects currently functioning, and 203 projects in construction and clearance stage, at every 6 – 7 kms stretch, there will be a dam to obstruct the flow of the river. 2. All the projects are based on high seismic areas in and around districts chamoli, rudra prayag, pithoragarh, Almora and despite severe earth quakes in 1720, 1803, 1991, and 1999 the multiplicity of hydro power projects, without adequate counter seismic measures continue to run rogue thereby causing serious risk to the lives of the people. 3. There is a clear enumeration of Flash Floods which would result in severe destruction to life and property in and around the low lying areas of the hills. Table Appended to the Report has further highlighted various instances wherein such flash floods have occurred previously in the same areas. 4. No evidence to suggest that for failure to comply with the conditions of Environmental Impact Assessment, a penalty was imposed on the builders. 5. Failure of the nodal agency to ensure submission of quarterly and half yearly compliance reports by the management. . Flagrant Negligence towards Environmental and Security Concerns. 7. The adverse impact on the ecology was further underscored by the fact that almost 4 out of 5 Power Projects have shown the complete drying up of river beds to a trickle resulting into severe impairment and devastation of the ecology, and imbalance in the water table resulting into drying up of natural aquifers in the nearby areas. 8. According to International Standards, the minimum discharge of river downstream should be maintained at 75 % so that the aquatic life remains intact. However, the present projects are discharging downstream river by 90 % and above which results into complete devastation of the aquatic life. 9. Faulty Pre-Feasibility Survey Reports, which gives inaccurate data for evaluation of the hydro power station, which means serious short comings in ascertaining whether the location to construct is feasible or not, questions on plant efficiency and what would be the impact of soil erosion, etc. remain in a state of serious jeopardy. 10. As much as 38 % of the total projects which have been granted an Environmental Clearance have failed to carry out mandatory plantation. By – Passing The Law As per the Gazette notification issued by the Central Government under Sections 2 and 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986, the area surrounding the river Bhagirathi from Gaumukh to Uttarkashi, which is 135 kms stretch, was declared to be â€Å"eco sensitive area†. A total area of about 4179. 59 sq km came under the eco-sensitive zone. This will impose restrictions on quarrying, commissioning hydropower projects on Bhagirathi, and construction of roads in the prohibited area. Besides, it will impose a ban on felling of trees and setting up of factories to manufacture furniture and other wooden items. For the purposes of effective implementation, the State Government, with the help of the local NGO’s and people was mandated to formulate a Zonal Master Plan surrounding the area, whereby every hydel power which is below 20 MW of Power Generation Capacity had to take a clearance from the State Ministry. However, the State Government opposed the said notification in May as they were not â€Å"consulted† before this policy was formulated; among concerns voiced by the citizens that an embargo on development would send them back to the Stone Age, which in reality was not what the notification envisaged. This mutual blame game and inter-ministerial trifles have led to such travesty. Today the very area surrounding Bhagirathi and parts of Uttarkashi are the worst hit areas of the State. Travesty of Environmental Clearance. Another notification issued by the Central Government warrants deliberation. It was mandated that before sanctioning the projects, or before expanding or modernizing hitherto existing projects, it was obligatory to procure an Environmental Impact Assessment Clearance from the Central Government and the State Government. Every Hydel Power project was subjected to the same strictures as have been mandated under Section 3(1) and Section 3(2) (v) of the Environment Protection Act, 1986. Such an EIA has to be in conformity with the Standards laid down by the National Environment Policy, and the guidelines that have been made under Rule 5 of the Environment Protection Rules. There are four stages before procuring an Environmental Clearance: 1. Screening wherein the projects are divided into two categories, those to be assessed by the Central Government (Category A Projects which are over and above 25 MW capacity power projects), and those to be assessed by the State Government (Under 25 MW Capacity Power Projects). 2. Scoping by which the Expert Committee determines on detailed concerns (current and probable) regarding Environmental Depletion or damage, at which stage the Committee is empowered to allow or reject the application seeking commencement of the project. 3. Public Consultation which provides for a public consultation held in the auspices of the site, obtain responses of all stake holders, villagers, etc. in writing and to be supervised by the State Pollution Control Board, but which specifically excludes â€Å"modernization of irrigation projects† out of its domain. . Appraisal which means the detailed scrutiny by the Expert Appraisal Committee or State Level Expert Appraisal Committee of the application and other documents like the Final EIA report, outcome of the public consultations including public hearing proceedings, submitted by the applicant to the regulatory authority concerned for grant of environmental clearance. In addition to the aforementioned checks and balances, there is a periodic Post Environment Clearance monitoring which are to be submitted on a half yearly basis by the management. This provides a very rosy picture of the law that governs such clearances; however the reality is far from such notion. For instance, according to the Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, as much as 38 % of the total industries and projects functioning in the area, and which have received a green signal to operate, have not complied with the mandatory plantation of trees in and around the site. This has resulted into serious deforestation in the hilly areas, which results into soil erosion. Himalayas being young fold mountains, have a very unstable soil compaction, as compared to other mountain ranges, because of which soil erosion can assume cataclysmic proportions, it is also the reason why rivers are changing their natural course and cutting deep crevices in the hills, wreaking havoc amongst those who stand in its way. Are we to blame? This is one perpetual question, which warrants a sordid introspection. Reports have also suggested that illegal construction of motels, rest houses, guest houses, hotels and restaurants have been made in the river bed, whereas a notification issued by the State Government clearly prohibits any illegal construction in or around 100 metres from the river bed. This is supplementary to the damage that has already been carried out by the Government. Media reports further stipulate that there was no effective functioning authority in the name of â€Å"State Disaster Management Authority†. The moot question that now faces us is whether this calamity was â€Å"natural† at all, or was it brought about by our own fallacies, inactions, deliberate obliviousness, and negligence. History is replete with instances of civilizations crashing under the might of Natural Forces, and with the present rate of depletion, the future of the Upper Gangetic Basin and the Himalayas hangs in a very delicate balance. How to cite Natural Calamity in Uttrakhand, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Point of Sale W/ Inventory System free essay sample

Proposed Point of Sale with Inventory System for Botica Capas I. Introduction Most companies nowadays use computers in transacting with their clients. Companies are now making their systems computerized because using a computerized system will help the company minimize the time and efforts consumed by using manual system. Drugstores sell not only medicines, but also miscellaneous items such as candy, cosmetics, and magazines, as well as light refreshments. A sale refers to the exchange of product or services for an amount of money or its equivalent while Inventory in a business, is a total amount of goods and the act of counting them. A company owner must know the precise number of items in their storage areas in order to place orders and control losses. Computerizing both Sales and Inventory System will make an easier and faster transaction with the customers as well as monitoring the stocks of the products. The benefit of Point of Sale with Inventory system is that this system makes a business much more efficient, lowering the costs of running the business while improving customer service and making the business more pleasant to work in while Computerized inventory system helps management control the inventories, in turn lowering overall operating costs in the areas of labor, facilities and logistics. We will write a custom essay sample on Point of Sale W/ Inventory System or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A computerized inventory system also improves customer-service metrics and fulfillment rates. I. I Company Background In 1979, Benita P. Zarate started Botica Capas with two employees. From the beginning, his goal has been to operate this business to help her countryman. With the help of God, now he has two establishments. And has grown to include ten employees and sell more products to meet the needs of the growing number of customers. - - - - - - - - - - BOTICA CAPAS - BENITA P. ZARATE - OWNER / MANAGER ____________________________________________________________ ___ RUBY VANESSA ZARATE EMMA PINEDA PHARMACIST I (MAIN) PHARMACIST II (BRANCH) RUBEN ZARATE SR. BOY PINEDA SUPERVISOR SUPERVISOR CLERK CLERK GINA BITNAN ARLENE CUNANAN MICHELLE QUIAMBAO LUZ CALMA PYCES TUBO JESUSA PINEDA KC LABASAN DANG PINEDA HENRY AQUINO I. 2 Overview of the Present System Their current system is actually manual. They have no existing computerized sales with inventory system so that they relies on the manual process of selling and they use a manual inventory system that relies on using documents on an active, day-to-day basis for a precise report at any time. So that due to their system, their services was quite slow. I. 3 Project Rationale * Future Researchers For the future researchers this system may serve as their reference in developing their own system. * Customers Computerizing both Sales and Inventory System will make an easier and faster transaction with the customers. * Employee Employee is one of the important human resources of a business. So by having a computerized system employee can now lessen the waste of valuable time and to become more productive. Botica Capas For Botica Capas Point of Sale w/ Inventory system can helps management control the inventories, in turn lowering overall operating costs in the areas of labor and also improves customer-service metrics and fulfillment rates. * Dominican College of Tarlac 2. Statement of the Problem 2. I General Problem The general problem of the study is to maintain an accurate inventory. There is always an issue reconciling stock in and stock out as a miss count on delivery can throw the system a curve ball. Dealing with return of a product also has its issues as stock needs to be either be- returned and can go back in to the selling/supply route or returned and is not of a quality which will allow the product top be placed in the selling/supply route. 2. I. I Specific Problem 2. 1. 1. 1 Manual POS system occur many problems such as math errors, items not charged for, unreadable orders, inconsistent pricing, theft, uncontrolled food and labor costs, bad checks. 2. 1. 1. 2 And on Manual Inventory system, Inventory inaccuracy is an issue in businesses dealing with physical assets. The impact of inaccurate inventory records on the performance of retailers such as Botica Sto. Rosario can be severe because the stores rely on the inventory record to make important operational decisions, * Stock loss, also known as shrinkage in industry, includes all forms of loss of the products available for sale. One common example is theft, which can be committed by both shoppers (external theft) and employees (internal theft). * Transaction error occurs typically at the inbound and outbound sides of the facility. At the inbound side, shipments that arrive from the suppliers have to be registered into the store information system. * Inaccessible inventory refers to products that are somewhere in the facility but are not available because they cannot be found. This can happen when a consumer takes a product from the shelf and places it at another location. * Incorrect product identification can occur in several different ways, wrong label can be placed on the products by both the suppliers and the stores. Incorrect identification can also happen during manual inventory counts. 2. Proposed Research Project 2. 2. 1 General Objective: The main objective of the project is to provide better system to the owner and to prevent the problems occur on it. 2. 2. 2 Specific Objective: The specific objective of our group is to achieve the following: * To protect the company against theft, to make sure that product purchased from a supplier is correctly dispensed to the customer, to make sure that every empl oyee is aware of the cost of bad inventory management, and to solve the problems occur on the current system. * Accurate Availability Information. This provides routine and regular cycle counts keep inventory levels accurate, which in turn assists the sales department in providing delivery and availability information to their customers. * One of the objectives of a Point of sale system is inventory management. This systems use bar code identification in receiving, tracking and selling inventory items. Rather than expending labor hours to monitor stock levels, determine when to reorder low stock items or to record the sale of specific items, the POS system can automate much of the processes involved in monitoring and managing inventory. A Point of Sale system can also monitor the cost of goods sold, purchase price, sale price and profit margins, allowing users to pull reports and determine when to adjust customer pricing. 3. Scope and Limitation The scope of sales is connected to the nature of sales. This is the way in which manage meant team go around ensuring that as many sales as possible are to be made and that there is to be a profit within the company to ensure that they are to be successful. The limitations of sales are different for many companies, however, there are going to be different legal aspects that all sales teams have to ensure that they abide by and do not have any trouble with. This is to ensure that the company is to be as successful as possible and that they are not to encounter any problems. Inventory systems provide a basis for recording sales and purchases. The scope of an inventory system considers which needs the inventory system addresses. The limitations of an inventory system include a false sense of reliability, and dependence on human entry.

Saturday, March 28, 2020

Interpersonal Skills for the Digital World free essay sample

It seems everyone you meet these days, from students in elementary school to their great-grandparents, has a cell phone. In addition, most people have other electronic devices as well, including tablets, laptop computers, and MP3 players. These devises have inarguably made worldwide communication much easier. However, as is often the case, convenience has come with a price. I did not grow up in the digital age. When I was a child, the biggest revolution in interpersonal communication was the touch tone phone, and that was greeted with skepticism by my parents (â€Å"What’s so hard about dialing a phone that you need push buttons? †). In the 1970s, however, electronic communication took off. Fax machines were a wondrous invention, as was the clunky â€Å"car phone. † I remember my soon-to-be husband telling me in the late 1970s, that some day I would not only have a computer in my home, but that I would use it to send text, sound, pictures, and video all over the world, virtually instantly. We will write a custom essay sample on Interpersonal Skills for the Digital World or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Frankly, I thought he was a nut. If he had also told me that the computer would be small enough to fit in my pocket or purse, and I would also be able to make phone calls from it, I probably wouldn’t have married him. Yet here we are, and it is indeed a wondrous age. The only problem is that some people don’t seem to know when to unplug. There is nothing more disconcerting to me than when I am talking to someone and they pull out their phone and start checking their messages. I’ve seen couples out on dates paying more attention to their phones than to each other. And there isn’t a teacher or trainer I know who hasn’t had to cope with students taking phone calls during class. In Adult Basic Education, we see another effect of the digital age, especially in our younger students. They are so used to texting, and using the abbreviations commonly used in texts, that they routinely use these abbreviations in all their writing. Teaching the difference between formal and informal writing, or business and personal communication, now must include a lesson on spelling. While using the common abbreviations may be all right when sending a text for business purposes, it isn’t appropriate in all settings. In general, business communications, including e-mails, should have a more formal tone than is appropriate in personal communications. This means the standard rules of language, including proper grammar and spelling, should be applied. In addition, I have found that most of my younger students have never addressed an envelope, much less written a letter by hand. While a case can be made that these skills are no longer necessary in an age where electronic communication is the norm, and everything from banking to writing Grandma a thank you note can be done from a cell phone, we are in fact not a paperless society quite yet. I guess that will happen by the time the Baby Boomers have died off, but for now, these are skills that people still need to have. As for myself, I have the opposite problem. For me it is not a matter of learning how to when to turn off the phone or how to write a business letter. On the contrary, I need to learn how to be more adept at using the latest technology. Because my students and colleagues communicate electronically, I need to be comfortable with that technology as well. However, dedicated cell phone users need to remember that cell phone technology is not available everywhere. In many areas around the world, including rural areas in the United States, there is no cell phone service. I do not have cell phone service at my house; in addition, the only internet option available other than dial-up is a satellite connection, which means I have limited bandwidth. While I can do quite a lot with my satellite internet, I cannot enjoy all the advantages of digital communication that many people take for granted. Conclusion With each generation, digital technology becomes more commonplace. It seems that the latest device is hardly in the market before it is obsolete, and new advances are greeted not so much with amazement but more with annoyance they took so long are still not perfect. Still, we are not yet a completely wireless, paperless society. Without a doubt, anyone doing business in the digital age should be comfortable using electronic communication technology. However, that does not mean that common courtesy should be neglected. In my opinion, the live person in front of you should take precedence over the electronic gadget in your hand. I think if people at least follow this rule, they won’t go too far wrong in either their business or personal communications.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Sociology of Everyday Life

Sociology of Everyday Life Sociologists and philosophers have developed a number of theories to explain everyday life and other related issues such as social relations, face to face interactions, the construction and conception of social realities among others. While some sociologists believe that every day life is a stream of disorganized events, others contradict this view and propose that daily events are deliberately contracted.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sociology of Everyday Life specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is among the many definitions of sociology of everyday life (Allan 53). The sociology of everyday life is important to the study of Sociology since it enables sociologist to understand the complexities of everyday life and the factors that determine social interactions. Harold Garfinkel and Erving Goffman are among major sociologists who have contributed to the study of sociology of every day life. Goffman and Garfinkel agree that there exist social rules which govern daily lives. By following these rules, people become actors. Furthermore, through daily interactions people express themselves. Therefore, Garfinkel’s and Goffman’s contributions are vital to the understanding the sociology of everyday life Garfinkel’s and Goffman’s ideologies on the sociology of daily life have been interpreted differently by critics. However, the two sociologists agree that through social interactions, societies are made (Allan 257). Garfinkel and Goffman further agree that there exist rules which govern how people interact. These rules are socially constructed and are the basis of establishing a well ordered society. Goffmanian school of thought postulates that social rules are useful in daily life interactions since they not only help in directing social interactions but also help people to make â€Å"social meaning and the definition of the self† (Maynard 278). In this regard, Goffmanian school of thought suggests that self identity is created through social interactions. To explain this concept, Goffman uses heterosexuals as examples and suggest that heterosexuals can determine how people perceive them by managing how they appear in public. According to Garfinkel daily interactions are governed by preexisting rules which cannot be easily changed (Allan 83). This implies that the society is made up of rigid rules, whose adherence determines how people fit into it. Garfinkel and Goffman acknowledge that societies cannot exist without rules. Furthermore, both Goffman and Garfinkel focus on the relationship between people and these rules. Both Garfinkel and Goffman postulate that people’s lives are governed by existing rules. This suggests that people are actors in every day life. Goffman suggest that rules enable people to conduct daily interactions. By asserting that rules are interactions enablers, Goffman elevates people above the rules.Advertisin g Looking for essay on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This means that social rules exist to serve the complex and dynamic nature of human interactions needs. As such, the rules can change or be violated as human needs evolve. Goffman adds that violating the rules does not threaten social interactions but enables actors to derive new social meanings. As such, through social interactions, people portray their self-centeredness (Allan 56). Similarly, Garfinkel explains that social interactions occur within rigid social rules. However, Garfinkel contradicts Goffman and explains that social norms do not change within the course of interaction. As such people become actors since they follow predetermined social norms. This implies that, unlike Goffman, Garfinkel elevates social rules above the actor. As such, the rules do not exist to serve the actor but to govern the way the actors conduct daily interact ions (Maynard 278). Therefore, actors have to continuously learn what the society requires of them so as to maintain social order. Both Garfinkel and Goffman assert that daily interactions are a way of expressing the self. Garfinkelian school of thought postulates that a person is made up of two major components; personality and the self. These components don’t evolve but are constructed. The self is different from the personality. Sociology does not explain personality since the personality is not constructed socially. Rather, it is constructed psychologically. On the other hand, psychology cannot explain the self since the self is constructed socially. Therefore, self identity is constructed through the sociology of everyday life. Garfinkelian school of thought concludes that daily interactions not only help to construct but also to express the self (Allan 54). Similarly, Goffmanian school of thought stipulates that the self is expressed through social interactions. The sel f is covert and the only way it can be revealed is through face-to-face interactions. Through these interactions, people give social signal which reveal personal traits. These social signals help others form notions about us (Allan 157). As such, Garfinkel and Goffman suggest that social interactions not only help in forming self identity but also expressing it. Garfinkel and Goffman have made major contributions to sociology of everyday life, with significant effects on the wider field of sociology. The two sociologists have asserted that the society is a product of social interactions since people construct and derive meaning through face to face interactions. Within the process of daily interactions, there exist rules which govern how people interact. As such, people become actors. Social interactions are also significant since they not only enable people to express themselves but also in contracting self identity. Despite the fact that Garfinkel and Goffman differ on some aspect s, their theories have made significant contribution to sociology of everyday life.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Sociology of Everyday Life specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Allan, Kenneth. Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory: Visualizing Social ` Words. Thousands Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press, 2010. Print. Maynard, Douglas. â€Å"Goffman, Garfinkel, and Games.† Sociological Theory 9.2 (1991): ` 277-279. Web.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Understanding & Researching Consumer Buyer Behaviour Essay

Understanding & Researching Consumer Buyer Behaviour - Essay Example Understanding & Researching  Consumer Buyer  Behavior However, it is vital to take note that local market situations, exchange systems, as well as certain cultural aspects, play a significant role in how consumers perform impulse behaviors. This paper will examine the nature of impulse buying, describing the how marketers can incorporate knowledge of customers’ impulse buying tendencies to their marketing strategies. Nature of Impulse Buying Behavior Impulse buying is essentially unreflective behavior that fails to conform to the rational, well-thought decision making standpoint in terms of consumer buyer tendencies or actions. The process of impulse buying is an extremely complex goal process that centers on reaction and emotion as its primary driving forces. This is largely because consumers engage in the process of impulse buying without engaging in concrete thoughts regarding their actions or conducting an evaluation of their intended deeds. According to Rook (116) consumers engaging in impulse buying are unlikely to consider the implications or think carefully and logically prior to making the purchase. The attention of such consumers is channeled towards the immediate gratification inherent in responding to the desire or urge to make the purchase instead of identifying and solving a preexisting issue or finding a product to fulfill a predetermined need. In addition, consistent with other forms of impulsiveness, impulse buying is also immediate, meaning that the process occurs in the span of several minutes and is not premeditated. Impulse Buying Behavior After the year 1982 when marketing researchers started to re-focus their attention on impulse buying actions, marketers started to ponder over the behavioral dimensions inherent in impulse buying. However, recently marketers appear to believe that impulse buying involves both affective and hedonic components. For instance, in his researcher, Rook (89) provided the assertions of consumers who reported that they felt the products â€Å"calling† t hem nearly demanding that the consumers purchase the products. This indicates on intense emphasis on the behavioral aspect of impulse buying, which, in turn, resulted in the definition of impulse buying as behavior that takes place when consumers experience sudden urges, usually persistent and powerful to purchase something instantly. The urge or purchase is hedonically intricate and has the potential of stimulating emotional conflict. Furthermore, impulse buying typically occurs with diminished consideration of its consequences (Rook 191). There are essentially five critical aspects embedded in impulse buying. These elements include a spontaneous and sudden urge to act; the action in this sense being the urge to make a purchase. Secondly, impulse buying also involves a position of psychological disequilibrium whereby a consumer’s emotions are in disarray concerning the act of making a purchase. Thirdly, impulse buying involves the emergence of psychological struggle and conf lict as consumers struggle with the urge to buy on impulse. Furthermore, impulse buying entails a dramatic reduction in the consumer’s cognitive evaluation abilities. This reduction is what forms the urge to make an instant purchase without taking into consideration the immediate or long term implications of such